Peace building is the development of constructive personal, group, and political relationships across ethnic, religious, class, national, and racial boundaries. It aims to resolve injustice in nonviolent ways and to transform the structural conditions that generate deadly conflict.

Conflict is an actual or a perceived incompatibility of actions and/or goals in a relationship between two or more parties (individuals or groups). It is a dynamic process where attitudes, behaviors, contexts and structures are constantly changing and influencing one another.

Peace building is defined as the practice and process of building or rebuilding of new relationships or transforming old ones. The building or rebuilding process involves justice and human rights (for instance reconciliation of former enemies by restoring their relations, or using restorative justice, which includes forgiveness and community building and political transformation. Peace building takes place either before violent conflict erupts or after violent conflict ends. It promotes peaceful coexistence by addressing deep-rooted or structural causes of conflict. In short, peace building occurs with the building of peaceful, stable communities and societies.

Ethiopia as a country has been experiencing turmoil that is diverse in nature. This is due to socio-politically instability, violent conflict, lack of strong institutions and rising inequality exacerbated by complex issues, like corruption, climate change and resource related conflicts. Oftentimes, ethnic groups live in different sovereign states of the region. Ethnic related or motivated conflicts are becoming common phenomena and inter-ethnic related conflicts are increasing in the recent years. Most borders of the regions of Ethiopia are not physically marked. Many people cross borders to flee persecution (refugees), in search of better livelihoods (economic migrants) or even for food and water; such is the case for pastoralists and herders. However, there are also illegal trades of small arms in some parts of Ethiopia. Light weapons and human trafficking, in addition to international organized crimes, including child-abduction and violent ethnic polarization, is also increasing.

ASDEPO is implementing a project on Promoting Peaceful Coexistence among Afar-Issa Communities through Promoting Traditional Conflict Resolution Mechanisms in Afar zones 1 and 3 and Somali’s Sitti Zone: Adaytu of Mille woreda, Undufo of Gewane woreda, and Gedamaytu of Amibara woreda with financial support of IRI.

The overall objective of the project is to promote traditional conflict resolution mechanism to solve the conflict between the Afar- Issa communities. ASDEPO created strong media partnership both with printing and mainstream Medias and hardly works on promoting traditional conflict resolution mechanisms.