Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets.
Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. About 11,500 years ago, people gradually learned how to grow cereal and root crops, and settled down to a life based on farming.
By 2,000 years ago, much of the Earth’s population had become dependent on agriculture. Scholars are not sure why this shift to farming took place, but it may have occurred because of climate change.
Agriculture is the backbone of the Ethiopian economy. The majority of the Ethiopians are farmers but they have not yet secured food at large. This is constrained by abiotic and biotic factors. Therefore, it requires taking critical actions to solve it.
Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture, which accounts for 40 percent of the GDP, 80 percent of exports, and an estimated 75 percent of the country’s workforce. However, just five percent of land is irrigated and crop yields from small farms are below regional averages. Market linkages are weak, and the use of improved seeds, fertilizers and pesticides remains limited. Despite these challenges, agriculture-led economic growth that is linked to improved livelihoods and nutrition can become a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity.
Action for Social Development and Environmental Protection Organization (ASDEPO) is implementing a project (Provision of Emergency Seeds and Animal Health Service) in Zala and Ubadebretsehay woredas of Gofa Zone, SNNPRS Emergency Humaniterian Fund (EHF) of the UN OCHA with a total budget of 18,691,589.00 ETB.
The Executing Agency for the project is SNNPRS Bureau of Finance (BoF), SNNRPS Bureau of Agriculture (BoA) and SNNPRS Disaster Risk Management Commission (DRMC).
The project Targets 4000 household with 1000 female and 3000 male in the livestock intervention and 3000 households with 1000 female and 2000 male in the crop seeds and 2000 of with 1000 men and 1000 women on provision of farm tools intervention.
The overall objective for the project is to contribute to the resilience building initiatives for households affected by the recurrent drought in Gofa Zone.